The Journal of the Canadian Economics Association
La revue de l'association canadienne d'économique

Conflict of Interest Policy and Ethical Guideline for Authors

The Canadian Journal of Economics (CJE) adheres to the ethical guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The guidelines below follow closely those advocated by COPE and currently in place at other major economics journals.


By submitting your paper to the CJE, it is understood that the work is original, unpublished in any language, and not under simultaneous consideration by another journal. Relevant previous work by other researchers and by the author(s) should be appropriately acknowledged and cited. Any form of plagiarism, in part or in whole and including the author's own previous work, will not be tolerated. The CJE reserves the right to use software to detect plagiarism.


Authorship should reflect the individual's contribution to the research and to its reporting. Any individual who meets authorship criteria (that is, made a substantive contribution to the research) should be rewarded with authorship. Individuals who made less than a substantive contribution to the research should be listed in the acknowledgement footnote. Any form of guest, gift and ghost authorship is forbidden. Under COPE's definitions, a guest author is one who does not deserve authorship but is listed because of seniority or reputation; a gift author is one who does not deserve authorship but is listed as a favour or in return for payment; and a ghost author is one who deserves authorship but is not listed.

Conflicts of Interest

When submitting a paper, all authors should state all sources of financial support for their research. All authors should identify any interested party that provided financial or in-kind support in the form of consultancy fees, retainers, data access, etc. An interested party is an individual or organization that has a stake in the paper for financial, political or ideological reasons. All authors should reveal any paid or unpaid positions in organizations whose financial interests or policy positions are relevant to the submitted paper. If the paper is partly or wholly written under contract with an organization, this fact must be disclosed. If any of the above situations does not apply to one or more of the authors, this fact must be stated as well. The above information should be disclosed in a Disclosure Statement form (one for every author) at the time of submission. The form(s) should be added at the end of your manuscript (last page) so as to be available to the editor and referees. A short statement summarizing the information in this form will be included in the acknowledgment footnote of the published version of the paper. Authors are expected to keep the journal informed of any changes in their status that could potentially put them in the appearance of conflict between the date of submission and the date of final acceptance of the paper.

Research Involving Humans (or Animals)

Appropriate approval, registration or licencing should be obtained from the relevant ethical board (e.g., the Research Ethics Committee at the author's university) prior to any research that involves humans (or animals). This information should appear in the acknowledgment note of the submitted paper. Steps should be taken to insure the confidentiality of sensitive data.


Review of a submission will be discontinued if the authors have not followed these guidelines. If a published paper is found to be inconsistent with these guidelines then a correction or retraction will be published in the Journal.